Genre Analysis of Oxford and Tabriz Applied Linguistics Research Article Abstracts: From Move Structure to Transitivity Analysis

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of English, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran

Abstract

Following Swales’s (1981) works on genre analysis, studies on different sections of research articles in different languages and fields abound. This paper compares Applied Linguistics  research article abstracts published in Oxford University and Islamic Azad University of Tabriz in English using Swales’s (1981-1990) move structure model and Halliday’s (1994) description of transitivity processes. One hundred and forty eight English research article abstracts were analyzed at macro and micro level based on the Swales’s model (IMRD) and transitivity system. The results demonstrated that the four structural moves of Swales and transitivity processes of Halliday were evident in both abstract sets but were differently distributed. The research suggests pedagogical implications for TEFL practitioners, especially for the writing skill and for the preparing research article abstracts (RAAs).  

Keywords


Anderson, K. & Maclean, J. (1997).A genre analysis study of 80 medical abstracts.Edinburgh working paper in applied linguistics, 8 (1), 23-33.

Atai, M. R. & Sadr, L. (2008).A cross cultural study of hedging devices in discussion section of applied linguistics research articles.TELL, 2 (7), 1-22.

Bhatia, V. (1993).Analyzing genre: Language use in professional settings. London:  Longman. 

Brett, P. (1994). A genre analysis of the results section of sociology articles.English for Specific Purposes, 13, 47-59.

Brick, J. (2006). Academic culture: A students’ guide to studying at university. NCELTR:Macquire University.

Eggins, S. (1994). An introduction to systemic functional linguistics. London: Printer Publishers.

Fallahi-Moghimi, M. &Mobasher, A. (2007).Genre analysis of introduction section of English and Persian articles in mechanics.TELL, 1 (2), 59-73.

Halliday, M. A. K. (1994).An introduction to functional grammar. London: Arnold.

Holmes, R. (2001). Variations and text structure: The discussion section in economic research articles. ITL Review of Applied Linguistics, 107-135.

Hopkins, A. & Dudley-Evans, T. (1988).A genre-based investigation of the discussion sections in articles and dissertations.English for Specific Purposes, 7 (1), 113-122.

Huang, P. (2009). A comparison of international and Chinese journal article abstracts: From move structure to transitivity analysis. The Linguistics Journal, 4 (1), 23-45.

Hyland, K. (2000). Disciplinary discourse. London: Longman.

Jalilifar, A. (2010). Research article introductions: Subdeciplinary variations in applied linguistics. The Journal of Teaching Language Skills, 2 (2), 29-55.

Kaplan, P. B., Cantor, S., Hagstrom, C., Kamhr-Stein, L.D., Shiotannir, Y., & Zimmerman, C. B.( 1994). On abstract writing.Text, 14, 401-426.

Kennedy, C. (1991). Systemic grammar and its use in literary analysis. In R. Carter (Ed.) Language and literature: an introductory reader in stylistics. 82-99. London: Routledge.

Keshavarz, M. H., &Atai, M. R. (2007).A contrastive study of generic organization of research article organizations written by Iranian and non-Iranian writers in applied linguistics.TELL, 1 (2), 13-33.

Lim, J. M. H. (2006). Method sections of management research article: A pedagogicallymotivated qualitative study.  English for Specific Purposes, 25, 282-309.

Lores, R. (2004). On RA abstracts: From rhetorical structure to thematic organization. English for Specific Purposes, 23, 280-302.

Martin, P. M. (2003). A genre analysis of English and Spanish research paper abstracts in experimental social sciences. English for Specific Purposes, 22 (1), 25-43.

Martinez, I. A. (2001).Impersonality in the research article as revealed by analysis of the transitivity structure.English for Specific Purposes, 20, 227-247.

Pho, P. Z. (2008). Research article abstracts in applied linguistics and educational technology: A study of linguistic realizations of rhetorical structure and authorial stance. Discourse Studies. 10 (2), 231-250.

Salagre- Meyer, F. (1992). A text-type and move analysis of verb tense and modality distribution in medical English abstracts. English for Specific Purposes, 11 (2), 93-113.

Samraj, B. (2002). Introductions in research articles: variations across disciplines. English for Specific Purposes, 21, 1-17.

Samraj, B. (2005). An exploration of a genre set: Research article abstracts and introductions in two disciplines. English for Specific Purposes, 141-156.

Santos, M. B. (1996). The textual organization of research paper abstracts in applied linguistics. Text, 16 (4), 481-499.

Simpson, P. (1993). Language, ideology and point of view. London: Routledge.

Stubbs, M. (1996).Text and corpus analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.

Swales, J. (1981).Aspects of article introductions.Birmingham, UK: Prentice Hall. 

Swales, J. (1990).Genre analysis: English in academic and research setting. Cambridge:  Cambridge University Press.

Swales, J. (2004).Research genre: Explorations and applications. UK: CUP.

Van Bonn, S., & Swales, J.M. (2007). English and French journal abstracts in the language sciences: Three exploratory studies. Journal of English for Academic Purpose, 6 (2), 93-108.

Williams, I. (1999). Result sections of medical research articles: Analysis of rhetorical categories for pedagogical purposes. English for Specific Purposes, 18, 347-366.

Yang, R., & Allison, D. (2003). Research articles in applied linguistics: Moving from results to conclusions. English for Specific Purposes, 22, 365-385.